News - Afghanistan
The chairman of the U.S Joint Chiefs of Staff on Thursday said the new National Military Strategy takes into account increasing disorder in the world and that the United States is working at building a network to combat Daesh.
The strategy, released on Wednesday, charts the way forward for the joint force, said chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Army Gen. Martin Dempsey and Defense Secretary Ash Carter on Wednesday.
"Since the last ... National Military Strategy was published four years ago, global disorder has trended upward while some of our comparative advantages have begun to erode," Dempsey said.
Addressing recent claims by Daesh that it is responsible for attacks outside of Syria and Iraq, Dempsey said: "What we've said from the beginning is that ISIL [Daesh] is trans-regional," he said. "There are also groups in Afghanistan that have re-branded themselves under the ISIL [Daesh] ideology and that stretches over to Boko Haram in Nigeria, which has also expressed its affiliation with ISIL [Daesh]. So it is trans-regional."
The United States is trying to build a network to combat the group, Dempsey said. "We're trying to build a framework - a scaffolding - to address this problem trans-regionally in an enduring way so ... their defeat lasts, which means there are other lines of effort that have to move along with the military line," he said.
Anything the United States does against Daesh must be sustainable, the chairman said. "We've got challenges across not just from Afghanistan and Nigeria, but we've got a few others things we're working as well," he said. "So we're trying to balance all this out."
The United States poses a threat to the terror group, Dempsey said.
"Everything we believe in is completely opposite of what they believe in – every bit of freedom, every bit of diversity, every bit of civic freedoms and religious freedoms, is exactly opposite to what they espouse," he said.
"We will keep pressure on them, and they will eventually collapse under the weight of their own contradictions with a little help from coalition partners, partners and stakeholders in the region and military power," the chairman said.
The report, titled the National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2015, stated that in Afghanistan, the US and its NATO partners are teaming up with the National Unity Government to provide security by way of the Resolute Support mission. It stated that the US is working toward establishing a long-term counterterrorism partnership in Afghanistan.
Similarly, in Iraq a broad coalition of over 60 nations is providing security assistance, training, airlift, and strike support in its struggle against Daesh.
"Defeating VEOs [violent extremist organizations]also requires an appreciation of the nexus between such groups and transnational criminal organizations. A fuller understanding of that relationship will allow us to disrupt illicit funds, weapons, and fighters that are flowing into conflict-ridden regions. Such knowledge also will allow us to work with law enforcement officials to more effectively protect our homeland from terrorists."
The Department of Defense reported that the strategy recognizes that the application of military power versus traditional state threats is far different than military power against non-state actors. It also states that the most likely scenario is prolonged campaigns rather than short, intense battles.
The strategy also states that as a "hedge against unpredictability with reduced resources we may have to adjust our global posture."
According to the strategy document, the U.S. military also must be ready to counter "revisionist states" such as Russia that are challenging international norms as well as violent extremist organizations such as Daesh.
"We are working with allies to deter, deny and - when necessary - defeat potential state adversaries," the document says. But at the same time, the U.S. military is building and leading an extensive network to take on Daesh.